Thanksgiving food, here in the US, isn’t really about the turkey – it’s about the sides. To me, it’s not Thanksgiving without mashed potatoes, gravy and of course, stuffing! Notice the explanation point. I get excited about stuffing, especially since I usually only have it once a year. Anything else can be as gourmet or as basic as you’d like, but the stuffing? It has to be this one.
This is a classic Midwestern stuffing came about partly from my Mother who taught me the basics and mostly from a friend who shared her 99 year old Mother’s recipe – and the addition of sausage and milk. If you think stuffing is an afterthought, something plopped down on the plate only as a nod to tradition, you haven’t had stuffing like this. And by the way, whether pulled from the bird or from a casserole, in the Midwest, we call it stuffing. At least we old people do…
So keep your oysters (we’re Midwestern), corn bread (we’re Northerners) and most fruit, dried or fresh (unless it was something Grandma would use.) In the Midwest, we don’t need no stinking* water chestnuts (not local) or wild rice (different dish.) We don’t want cheese (sacrilege) or leeks (la di da). We really don’t want greens (trust me, nothing will make this healthy) or mushrooms and/or anything else “fancy” or “trendy.”
And bacon? No bacon! I’m taking a stand here – just like cheese, bacon shouldn’t be in everything, and really shouldn’t be in a classic stuffing. You heard it here, first, fellow Americans! Sausage goes in stuffing. And giblets. Ask your Grandma.
Lets talk about the rest of the ingredients here. There are ways to shortcut stuffing, but these common deviations do make a difference. Especially the bread!
For the best stuffing, skip the bagged or boxed already dried bread. Sometimes you’ve gotta do what ya gotta do, but while this shortcut may make a tasty stuffing it will never make a great one. Stuffing isn’t just about taste, it’s about texture. Look for a good sturdy bread or combination of breads, a bakery Italian is ideal. If possible, try to find one without a lot of additives and softeners which inhibit the drying process.
There’s not a lot of broth in here, but trust me here – a gorgeous home-made stock brings true flavor & body to the stuffing that no boxed, canned or powdered product ever will. If you can possibly swing it, go with home-made – whether chicken or turkey. You’ll be able to control the salt and avoid that boxed, “fakey” flavor. Make it a few weeks ahead and freeze until needed to cut down on the last minute Holiday cooking craziness and you’ll probably find yourself using it for other dishes coming to the table, too.
The butter? It’s not a typo, this outrageous amount, about a tablespoon per serving, but this is a huge amount of stuffing. If you’re worried, cut it back some, but I wouldn’t cut it past a 3/4 cup, a stick and a half. And giblets? That’s your call. I often skip them (don’t tell my Mom!)
Classic Midwestern Stuffing
- 1 pound breakfast sausage
- 3 cups diced onion (1 large or two medium)
- 4 cups diced celery (figure about 2 to 3 stalks per cup)
- 2 sticks butter (1 cup)
- 2 teaspoons poultry seasoning
- 2 teaspoons sage
- 1 teaspoon salt (reduce if using canned broth)
- 1 teaspoon pepper
- 16 cups dried bread cubes (about the equivalent of two one-pound loaves, a good white bread or a mixture of your choice)
- 2 eggs, beaten
- 1/2 cup milk
- Chicken or Turkey broth (see recipe) about a cup, all of it may not be used.
- Turkey Giblets, if available & desired
This stuffing will be baked at 350 degrees for about 45 to 55 minutes. Adjustments will need to be made if cooking at a different temperature or if using different sized pans (for instance 1 large pan or two smaller pans.)
Bread Crumbs: Several days ahead (three to four) cut bread into about 1 inch by 1/2 inch cubes. Place on a tray in a safe place to dry. May also be spread out on trays and baked in a 300 degree oven for 30 to 50 minutes, stirring and rotating trays now and then. Cool before using. Premade bread cubes (14 to 16 ounces) may be used but you’ll need to increase the amount of broth and it will affect the quality of the stuffing.
Broth: Chicken or Turkey stock may be used, home-made is best. If time allows, simmer the broth with the Turkey giblets (but not the liver) and neck for 30 minutes. Finely chop giblets and add to stuffing, discarding any bones from the neck. I often save the neck to add to my turkey stock I make after the meal.
Saute celery and onions in butter until softened, cool slightly. In a very large bowl, toss bread cubes with poultry seasoning, sage, salt & pepper. Add the celery/onion mixture and toss with clean hands.
Mix egg and milk and add to stuffing mixture, tossing again. Moisten with chicken broth until desired consistency.
Cover and bake for 25 minutes. Remove cover and bake an additional 20 to 25 minutes or so until golden brown.
From the kitchen of http://www.frugalhausfrau.com
Just for fun:
* Americans have long laughed at the Mel Brook’s parody Blazing Saddles and the line “We don’t need no stinking badges.” Brooks misquoted this from the questionable classic, The Treasure of Sierra Madre and the quote has appeared in many movies, books and stories over the years.
So for my more far flung friends, if you ever hear an American say, “We don’t need no stinkin’ something or other” they’re not suffering from a lack of language skills, they’re trying to be funny! 🙂